Of all the things you do to take care of your garden, watering may seem like a no-brainer. Now that summer is in full swing, irrigation is more important than ever – especially if you live in a drier part of the country. Below are some watering tips from the pros that will help you improve your yields and blooms throughout the season.
Only Water When Necessary
This may seem simple enough, but the truth is that many people water their gardens automatically – without even thinking about it – whether or not the soil is actually dry. The best way to determine whether your plants need water is to use your finger to test the soil. The top may appear especially dry, but if you feel moisture in the top two inches, wait another day before irrigating. You should also pay close attention to the weather and avoid watering if good soaking rain is in the forecast within 24 hours.
Water Early in the Morning
Watering your plants in the heat of the day can do more harm than good. Water droplets amplify the heat of the sun, which can actually burn your plants and have a drastic impact on their beauty or their ability to produce fruits or vegetables. The best time to water your garden is early in the morning. This way, the water has the opportunity to evaporate from leaves and soak down into the soil before the sun rises too high in the sky. Watering at night can be problematic, too; if there’s no opportunity for the droplets on the foliage to evaporate, fungus may develop.
Water More, Not More Often
When your plants do need water, make sure that you’re thoroughly soaking the soil around their roots and not just dampening the ground. After all, the water needs to get to the plant’s roots, which are often just as large as the plant itself. Though aiming the hose directly at the root and soaking the soil definitely works, it may save you time to utilize a soaker hose or drip irrigation system, instead. Ideally, with each watering, you’ll want to moisten the top five to six inches of soil.
Stop Watering if the Edges of the Foliage Turn Brown
Finally, if you notice that the edges of your plants’ leaves are starting to turn brown, this is a surefire sign that you are overwatering. Usually, when a plant’s leaves begin to turn brown, people believe this is due to lack of moisture. If entire leaves are turning brown and wilting, this is true; however, if it’s just the edges of the leaves that look brown, this is a sign that there is too much water. Remember that plants take in nutrients through water, and if those nutrients are too diluted, the plants won’t be as healthy and strong.
If you want to get the most out of your flower or vegetable garden this summer, it’s important to follow these watering and irrigation tips carefully. Water your plants only when the first couple of inches of soil feels dry, and make sure you’re watering during the early morning hours when you do. Rather than watering a small amount daily, give your garden a good soaking every few days as needed. These things all work together to create a beautiful, bountiful garden.